The blue-black-white tricolour has been adopted by the Estonian people, and has become the most important and loved national symbol. The tricolour has been one of the most important symbols of independence, consciousness and solidarity of the Estonian people. The same colour combination is used by no other national tricolour.
The origins of the Estonian flag lie within the national movement. In 1881, the Estonian Students' Union adopted blue, black and white as the colours of their student fraternity. At the end of that century, the colours became those of the nation. In 1920, Estonia conceived its flag in the same colours.
Blue - the sky, loyalty to one's homeland
Black - the soil, diligence
White - simplicity, purity, hope for the future.
The coat of arms
The Estonian coat of arms has ancient roots and resembles both that of Denmark and of England. The three blue leopard-like creatures on a gold background were first used in 1219 as part of the coat of arms of the city of Tallinn and, later in history, of the Estonian province. In 1925, what is called the three lion coat of arms finally became the national coat of arms.
The coat of arms with Estonian flag
The Estonian national anthem "My native land, my joy – delight" has a joint history with that of our northern neighbour, Finland. The tune for the two national anthems is identical and was written by Frederick Pacius, himself of German origin. The words originate with a leading figure in the Estonian national movement of around the turn of the 19th century, J.W. Jannsen.
Listen to the national anthem of Estonia from Youtube!
The Estonian national flower is the cornflower, national bird is the swallow and national stone is limestone.