Official name: Republic of Estonia
Location: North Eastern Europe
Government: Parliamentary Republic, single chamber Parliament (Riigikogu) of 101 members
Head of state: President
Area: 45,227 km2 (larger than e.g. the Netherlands, which is 41,526 km2) neighbours: Finland, Sweden, Latvia and Russia
Population: 1.3 million
Membership: European Union, WTO, OECD & NATO, Schengen Area
Independence: Declared in 1918; regained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
National day: 24th of February, Independence Day
Main religion: Lutheran
Currency: Euro (€)
Language: Estonian (English, Russian and German are also widely spoken)
Climate: Humid/temperate. 50% of Estonian land is covered by forests.
Proportion of urban population: 68%
Largest city: Tallinn (418,000 inhabitants – 32% of the total population, 2012)
Other major cities: Tartu (100,000), Narva (66,700), Kohtla-Järve (45,400), Pärnu (44,100)
Telephone: Country code +372
Time zone: GMT + 2 hours
GDP (PPP): $21,059 per capita (estimated 2012)
Major natural resources: Timber, oil shale, phosphorite, peat, limestone, dolomite
Distances from Tallinn: Helsinki 85 km, Riga 307 km, St Petersburg 395 km, Stockholm 405 km, Vilnius 605 km
Flight times: Helsinki 35 min, Stockholm 1 h, Copenhagen 1 h 30 min, Moscow 1 h 40 min, Amsterdam 2 h 20 min, London 2 h 45 min
Estonian inventions: Skype, Minox miniature camera, Schmidt’s telescope, etc.
Successful Estonian start-ups: e.g. Erply, TransferWise, GrabCAD, Fortumo, Click&Grow, ZeroTurnaround, Fits.me, Now!Innovations, etc.
Notable people: Composer Arvo Pärt, supermodel Carmen Kass, actress Mena Suvari and actor Johann Urb, designer Oskar Metsavaht, footballers Mart Poom and Joel Lindpere, one of the best chess players of the 20th century Paul Keres, noted astronomer and astrophysicist Ernst Öpik, former Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom Lembit Öpik, the “father of embryology” Karl Ernst von Baer etc.